How safe is the meat we eat? Is that roast chicken we brought from the take-away crawling with multi-resistant bacteria? As we mass-produce meat in factory farms and pump animals full of antibiotics, what effect is that having on the health of humans who consume it? The antibiotics are passed on through the food chain.
"The extensive use of antimicrobial drugs has resulted in drug resistance that threatens to reverse the medical advances of the last seventy years." (Interagency Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance, USA: Pg 5 in Interagency Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance, 2012. A Public Health Action Plan to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance. Washington, D.C.)
"Widespread use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine and as growth promoters for intensive livestock production is believed to be the primary force driving rapid sharing and selection of genes conferring antimicrobial resistance in recent years" (White paper: Public Health Impact of Multi-Drug Resistant Pathogens M. Ellin Doyle, Food Research Institute, University of Wisconsin).
This same White Paper produced in 2014 quoted research which reported that "testing of packages of chicken breasts, purchased nationwide, revealed that nearly 50% contained at least one strain of multi-drug resistant bacteria".
The main culprit both in North America and in Europe is chicken, with pork, turkey and beef following; the multi-resistant bacteria identified being Campylobacter spp., Enterococcus spp., E. coli, Shigella spp., S. ser. Typhi, S. ser. Heidelberg, S. ser.I4,,12:i:-, S. ser. Typhimurium, Salmonella spp., Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter jejuni, MRSA.
Shocking? Or hardly surprising, since by manipulating and going against the laws of nature, humans create exponential reactions - as was the case with BSE, or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, or Mad Cow Disease and its human cousin, nv (new variant) Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease; cows were fed the pulverized bones and brains of other cows, forcing herbivores to become cannibals, with the ensuing public health impact.
I use the term "pandemic" in the title because this problem affects all countries in which processed mass-produced meat is consumed. A strain of Salmonella enterica serotype Kentucky, ST198-X1, which is highly drug-resistant, has recently been discovered and has been labeled a pathogenic which may have a serious impact on public health. It is resistant to ciprofloxacin, which is the main drug used to treat salmonellosis, also to extended spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs), carbapenems, sulfonamides, most aminoglycosides, and azithromycin. ST198-X1 has been detected in humans in Europe and in Canada and in poultry flocks and turkey meat in Europe.
A foodborne outbreak which affected 156 hospital patients in Spain was caused by a multidrug resistant, extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing a strain of Klebsiella pneumonia. ESBL-producing enterobacteriaceae were also detected in Switzerland, in no less than 92 per cent of raw chicken samples taken from supermarkets and hospital kitchens. Also in Switzerland, an examination of kitchen gloves and cutting boards used to handle raw chicken showed that 12% of boards and 50% of gloves contained EBSL-producing E. coli.
There is an alternative. While there is nothing more annoying that a Vegan lecturing people on why they should not eat animal products, the fact is that by reducing meat intake, or eliminating it altogether, reduces the risk of exposure to multi-resistant bacteria and also moves more in line with what the human digestive tract was supposed to do.
*Timothy Bancroft-Hinchey has worked as a correspondent, journalist, deputy editor, editor, chief editor, director, project manager, executive director, partner and owner of printed and online daily, weekly, monthly and yearly publications, TV stations and media groups printed, aired and distributed in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, East Timor, Guinea-Bissau, Portugal, Mozambique and São Tomé and Principe Isles; the Russian Foreign Ministry publication Dialog and the Cuban Foreign Ministry Official Publications. He has spent the last two decades in humanitarian projects, connecting communities, working to document and catalog disappearing languages, cultures, traditions, working to network with the LGBT communities helping to set up shelters for abused or frightened victims and as Media Partner with UN Women, working to foster the UN Women project to fight against gender violence and to strive for an end to sexism, racism and homophobia. A Vegan, he is also a Media Partner of Humane Society International, fighting for animal rights. He is Director and Chief Editor of the Portuguese version of Pravda.Ru.
Chinese military experts are confident that there are only three countries of the world - Russia, the United States and China - that are capable of developing and building fifth generation fighter aircraft