Today is the International Day of Sport for Development and Peace, highlighting the importance of sport on the way to implementing the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, the post-2015 agenda to improve the lives and livelihoods of millions of people around the globe. Pride of place goes to sport.
Great strides have been made in the Middle East among Palestinian and Jewish children in programs where they paint together, tell stories together, cook together, eat together and play sports together - and at the head of this sports table sits the King of global communication, soccer.
For UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, sport is "a unique and powerful tool for promoting dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of every member of the human family". For Ban Ki-Moon, sport is "a driving force for positive social change".
The main focus of sport is not to win or lose, but to play and participate. It favors inclusion against exclusion and there exists a sport for everyone to play, whatever their coordination or motor skills, many of them playable by all genders at the same time. Apart from promoting health, it also contributes towards inclusion, equality, belonging and empowerment not only for women and girls but also people with disabilities.
Irina Bokova, Director General of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), states "Sport is a powerful vehicle for social inclusion, gender equality and youth empowerment, with benefits that are felt far beyond the stadiums".
A new International Charter of Physical Education and Sport was adopted by the UNESCO Member States in November 2015, fostering and supporting the work of volunteers and professionals in coaching and helping those interested in participating in sports activities.
At the Millennium Summit in September 2000 world leaders came together and signed the eight 2015 Millennium Development Goals to eliminate hunger and poverty, improve healthcare, widen the scope of education and fight against gender discrimination.
The goals were as follows: Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; MDG 2: Achieve universal primary education; MDG 3: Promote gender equality and empower women; MDG 4: Reduce child mortality; MDG 5: Improve maternal health; MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; MDG 7: Ensure environmental sustainability; MDG 8: Develop a global partnership for development.
By 2015, enormous strides had been taken across the board but it cannot, by any means, be said that the MGDs were reached in full. MDG 1 - Hundreds of millions of people continue to live in varying degrees of abject poverty and many families do not have food on their tables every day; MDG 2 - almost 60 million children of primary school age do not frequent any education program; MDG 3 - the ratio of female-to-male disparity in terms of income remains high, girls are still more likely to remain outside education than boys; the number of women dying during pregnancy was reduced by 45 per cent and not the 75% set as goal 5; MDG 6 - there were improved statistics in healthcare but there are around 2 million people still infected by HIV/AIDS annually, most in Sub-Saharan Africa, well over five hundred million people die of Malaria every year - most in Sub-Saharan Africa and most of these children under five and there are between eight and ten million new cases of Tuberculosis yearly; MDG 8: access to affordable medicines at public health facilities remains poor and generic and originator medicines cost far higher than their international reference price.
MDG 4 was achieved - the number of deaths of children under five halved from 2000 to 2015 to some 6 million, as was MDG 7 - 89 per cent of the world's population used an improved source of drinking water by 2011 and 55% had access to piped water at home although 2.4 billion people remain without access to basic sanitation systems.
The Post-2015 plan is for 17 Sustainable Development Goals which will be based on the document agreed upon by the 193 Member States of the United Nations Organization, entitled "Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development" which will be adopted formally at the UN meeting in September, in New York.
Ban Ki-Moon, UN Secretary-General, describes it as follows: "This is the People's Agenda, a plan of action for ending poverty in all its dimensions, irreversibly, everywhere, and leaving no one behind. It seeks to ensure peace and prosperity, and forge partnerships with people and planet at the core".
What is the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development?
There are seventeen goals and 169 targets which aim to eradicate poverty, fight inequality and approach climate change solutions over the next decade and a half. In the words of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, "The seventeen Sustainable Development Goals are our shared vision of humanity and a social contract between the world's leaders and the people".
Three vectors are to be approached in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - the social, economic and environmental dimensions, involving both developed and developing countries and the SDGs go further than the Millennium Development Goals in scope, encompassing peace and justice. In short, the SDGs are a blueprint for the implementation of common universal values, globally.
SDG1: No poverty; SDG2: Zero hunger; SDG3: Good health and well-being; SDG4: Quality education; SDG5: Gender equality; SDG6: Clean water and sanitation; SDG7: Affordable and clean energy; SDG8: Decent work and economic growth; SDG9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure; SDG10: Reduced inequalities; SDG11: sustainable cities and communities; SDG12: Responsible consumption and production; SDG13: Climate action; SDG14: Life below water; SDG 15: Life on land; SDG 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions; SDG 17: Partnership for the goals.
*Timothy Bancroft-Hinchey has worked as a correspondent, journalist, deputy editor, editor, chief editor, director, project manager, executive director, partner and owner of printed and online daily, weekly, monthly and yearly publications, TV stations and media groups printed, aired and distributed in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, East Timor, Guinea-Bissau, Portugal, Mozambique and São Tomé and Principe Isles; the Russian Foreign Ministry publication Dialog and the Cuban Foreign Ministry Official Publications. He has spent the last two decades in humanitarian projects, connecting communities, working to document and catalog disappearing languages, cultures, traditions, working to network with the LGBT communities helping to set up shelters for abused or frightened victims and as Media Partner with UN Women, working to foster the UN Women project to fight against gender violence and to strive for an end to sexism, racism and homophobia. A Vegan, he is also a Media Partner of Humane Society International, fighting for animal rights. He is Director and Chief Editor of the Portuguese version of Pravda.Ru.
Russian military repeatedly thwarted Turkey's attempts to deploy its troops to Syria, and stopped militants from moving further south