There are different methods of fighting a war. In today's world, there is no need to grab a gun and kill the enemy. A war can be won without bloodshed, with the help of information attacks. The Americans have been particularly successful in this regard, take the Internet "Arab Spring" for example. The United States is using the same methods against Iran. Will they bring success?
A number of satellite television systems operated by European companies stopped broadcasting the Iranian channels. This was done under the pressure of sanctions by the United States.
In particular, the broadcasts of the Iranian channel Press TV via European satellite systems, Intelsat, Eutelsat, Hotbird and the Australian Optus have been suspended. Spanish-language Hispan TV, news channel al-Alam and entertainment iFilm are not broadcast either.
On June 19th of this year, Intelsat company gave Iran Broadcasting Service a notification stating that due to the introduction of new U.S. sanctions against Tehran the company would be no longer providing the services starting July 1, 2013. Press TV broadcast was previously blocked in Germany, the UK, France and Spain.
Jose Manuel Toscano, General Director of the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization, in turn, urged the U.S. and Intelsat to not turn off the Iranian channels and start negotiations on the renewal of broadcasting.
This is how the Americans want to force the Iranian authorities to be more loyal to their regime. They say that in a war all means are great, so every means is used, including information warfare.
In the context of learning new techniques, forms and methods of information wars the development of the situation around Iran's nuclear program is particularly interesting.
The United States and its allies have repeatedly practiced the scenarios of information and psychological operations aimed at discrediting the political authorities of the countries they were not favoring. Previous armed conflicts and the "Arab Spring" have common traits because they use classic schemes. As a rule, the main objectives of this policy are:
1. Ensuring global domination and consolidation of positions in a favorable, primarily based on the availability of resources, region of the planet;
2. Raising the rating of specific political forces and certain leaders on the eve of important electoral campaigns;
3. Justification of the need to increase military spending, as well as the development of the military-industrial complex;
4. Testing of the new and utilization of the old types of weapons.
As a rule, measures of informational influence are accompanied and enhanced by economic sanctions, staged civil disobedience, mass protests, special acts of sabotage in the enemy territory, and demonstration of readiness to conduct military operations (various military exercises, as well as concealed concentration of weapons and troops).
The information war of the U.S. against Iran is carried out according to this scenario, but it has its own peculiarities. The emphasis is on the components in which the opponents of the Islamic state still have significant advantage. This is the cyber sphere, as well as special and psychological operations.
Thus, Iran's information systems related to the nuclear program are constantly subject to highly effective virus attacks. For the first time a virus called Stuxnet was used in June of 2010. Its main task was the disruption of the Bushehr nuclear power plant as well as uranium enrichment plants. At a munitions factory in Natanz there were serious technical problems that affected the work of gas centrifuges. This led to the fact that Tehran's nuclear programs were suspended for some time.
The second penetration occurred in April of 2011, when a virus called Stars was used, directed against the Iranian government agencies. Later, a third attack was carried out with the use of Duqu virus designed to steal confidential information.
It should be noted that the U.S. authorities take into account the fact that today Iran's media community is rapidly evolving. The activities of the regional media, particularly electronic ones, are not left without attention. During various interviews, briefings, and other information campaigns the resources of BBC are fully utilized (primarily, BBC Persian), as well as "Voice of America". Of great importance are social networks like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.
In particular, the BBC Persian TV channel has a million-strong audience in Iran, and online resource BBC Persian is a very popular information resource in the Middle East.
In addition, in December of 2011, the U.S. opened its own so-called "virtual embassy in Iran." Certain websites offer information on U.S. policy towards Iran, the advantages of studying in the U.S., as well as provide an opportunity to get a U.S. visa. The resource did not last long and was blocked by the Iranian authorities. Iran's leaders periodically block access for their citizens to various "pro-American" internet sites and satellite television channel BBC Persian.
As part of "demonizing" the current leadership of Iran, the United States and Israel keep accusing Tehran of supporting terrorist organizations and carrying out terrorist attacks against the U.S., Israel and their allies.
It should also be noted that by opposing the will of Iran to implement its national nuclear program, the U.S. government and Israel ignore the fact that it was Washington that gave the country nuclear technology. In 1967, the United States gave Iran a nuclear reactor of five megawatts set up by Israeli experts.
The U.S. has been methodically forming a negative image of Iran for the international community saying that this country represents a threat. U.S. special agents constantly disseminate scary information about the Iranian leadership.
In addition, the U.S. and Israel periodically carry out planned activities for misinformation of the population through the "leaks" from their governments about the readiness of the United States and Israel to take military action against Iran. Reputable Western publications regularly publish materials about this possible scenario. It must be acknowledged that these articles have the desired effect.
To date, the majority of the citizens of nearly every country form their own view of the events only on the basis of the information received from the media. Major news portals on the Internet are also of great importance. If we consider that in most cases they are controlled by the U.S. secret services, one can imagine the view formed by the ordinary citizens.
Among the main responses to the information influence from Iran is the demonstration of readiness to meet any possible military attacks, as well as the possibility of applying adequate strikes against the U.S. and its allies in the region, primarily Israel. Iranian spiritual leader Ayatollah Khamenei has repeatedly said that Iran's armed forces have all the necessary means to repel possible attacks and perform a retaliatory "preemptive strike" against the enemy.
The country's leadership is constantly filtering information flow by blocking the resources involved in brainwashing ordinary people. The Iranian authorities also attach great importance to developing relations in different directions with their longtime allies in the international arena that in fact are the opponents and antagonists of the United States. These are Russia, China, Venezuela, Ecuador, Syria, Afghanistan and other countries.
This helps the Iranian leadership to withstand such a serious economic and information pressure from the United States.