China has been struggling against overpopulation for decades. It seems that this problem exists in the country for ages. It now appears that the Chinese authorities have finally managed to succeed in changing the traditional imbalance between male and female newborns.
In 2010, 118.08 boys were born per 100 girls in China. In 2009, the correlation was 100 girls per 119.45 boys. The positive trend for the nation continues for two years in a row, Chinese officials said.
Nevertheless, the Chinese realize that the so-called gender imbalance in births remains on a very high level. In many regions of the country, there are only 100 women per 130 men. If the situation does not change, every fifth Chinese male will find it very difficult to find his lifetime partner by 2020. Just try to imagine tens of millions of lonely Chinese men who will be ready for anything just to get married and have a family.
This problem poses a serious threat to the social stability of the Chinese society. The situation in Russia, China's neighbor, is precisely the opposite. In 2010, the predominance of the number of women over the number of men made up 10,495 people vs. 9,956 people in 2002.
In Russia, there are on average 1,159 women per 1,000 men. There are 1,183 women per 1,000 men among the urban population and 1,093 among the rural population. China can only dream about such numbers.
Generally speaking, female fiancées in Russia outnumber male fiancées by over ten million. This probably explains low birth rates in the country. The question of gender imbalance is most serious in the regions of the Central federal district of Russia.
For example, in the Yaroslavl region, there are 1,239 women per 1,000 men (1,233 and 1,226 women per 1,000 men in the Ivanovo and the Tula regions respectively). The correlation of men and women in the Central district on the whole made up 1,181 women per 1,000 men. The number of women is higher than the number of men in the North-Western and in the Volga federal districts of the country (1,167 and 1,171 women per 1,000 men respectively).
The predominance of the female population is the lowest in the Northern Caucasus (1,115 women per 1,000 men) and in the Far East (1,081). The only region of the country where men outnumber women is Chukotka - 996 women per 1,000 men. However, this number does not really mean anything because Chukotka is a sparsely populated region of the country.
Gender imbalance may lead to lower birth rates and to the decline of the population in general. Strangely enough, there are over 20 million bachelors living in Russia nowadays, and the number is expected to grow.
Igor Yanushev, Candidate of Medical Sciences, a psychologist, said that the problem of gender imbalance in China is connected with family planning regulations in the country which stipulate the birth of only one child.
"Traditionally, Chinese families want to have boys. They are ready for anything just to have a boy. To struggle with the problem of gender imbalance, the Chinese authorities restricted the use of ultrasound examinations during pregnancy and banned gender-based abortions. Chinese parents can find out the sex of their child only after the birth of a baby.
"The most simple way out of the problem for the country is migration. Russia, an underpopulated country is the best option for such an overpopulated country as China. I've read many times in the press that it is impossible to count the number of Chinese living in Russia already. We may be witnessing the beginning of the Chinese demographic expansion in Russia," the expert said.