The terrorist attack in Moscow subway that took lives of 39 people, may, among other things, give a rise to xenophobic tendencies. What does it mean for a multinational and poly-confessional Moscow? Honestly speaking, the mere thought of it is scary. Yet, there are definite attempts to stir up the situation. For instance, the ultra-right have noticeably activated these days.
You can treat the statements of politicians, trying to promote their ideas, in different ways. You can criticize their intention to gain political score, or ignore them and look at their actions as if it was a banal PR fuss.
Yet, there are things that cannot be understood or justified, such as attempts to provoke xenophobic tendencies and raise anti-Islamic or anti-Caucasus hysteria.
I have to state that currently the forces trying to divide the society using nationalistic slogans became more intense. For example, after the explosions in Moscow metro and first theories of who was to blame for the crime, the Internet was filled with pictures of the attacks with captions saying “look at the fruits of tolerance” and “peoples’ friendship.”There were blog posts allegedly stating that the Muslims were jubilant because of the “heroic deeds of the female suicide bombers who killed so many disbelievers.”
Adding fuel to the fire, the ultra-right movements and groups made statements blaming the officials in covering the “Islamic terrorism.” “Now we can openly say that if the country and military forces are governed by the same people who are bleating about “tolerance, Russian-Chechen fraternity, Russia as the largest Islamic state, Russia for everyone,” terrorist attacks will continue and our people will die,” said the statement made by the Movement against the Illegal Immigration (DPNI), whose supporters call for a mass cleaning of Moscow and nearby regions from the people from the Caucasus as a recipe for “treating the infection of Islamic terrorism.”
On the day of the attacks in Moscow metro, on the wave of panic, several Muslim women were attacked. According to witnesses, two women wearing head scarves entered a train at Avtozavodskaya station. When the train arrived to Paveletskaya station, they were thrown out of it by a passenger. A similar incident happened at Kuntsevskaya station where a person who looked like someone from the Caucasus fell victim of paranoia.
Fears and suspicions of Muscovites are intentionally heated. The day after the attack leaflets with the image of a man from the Caucasus dancing his national dance next to a crying child were noticed at metro stations. The leaflets with the caption “Daddy, I do not want to die, please, save me” were spotted at Koltsevaya line.
Experts believe these leaflets are designed to ignite hatred towards representatives of Southern nations. “This is unacceptable,” said Viktor Biryukov, head of the press service of the Chief Directorate of Internal Affairs in his interview with Politonline.ru. He mentioned that his department was conducting work in this respect.
The day after the attacks, human activists began talking about a possible rise of xenophobic tendencies. Nurdi Nukhazhiev, Ombudsman in the Chechen Republic, expressed his concerns that people from the Caucasus may be prosecuted because of their nationality. “We received calls from people from various Russian regions, including Moscow, who say they are afraid of illegal actions against themselves. Thousands of people from our Republic permanently reside in Moscow and other regions of Russia. Some Chechens […] have already felt change of attitude towards them,” he stated.
Alexander Brod, director of the Moscow Agency for Human Rights also spoke about entrepreneurial attempts to bring about international division: “Now some politicians and national-radical organizations take advantage of this topic. They are spilling salt on the wounds. They call for vigilante justice and violence against migrants. Blood for blood. Eye for eye .”
“This is dangerous and unacceptable. If you give freedom to such behaviors of revenge and intolerance, it will cause new conflicts. Terrorists have names, the attacks have organizers. Do not transfer the issue to the ethnic sphere and do not blame the entire nations. Otherwise it will cause new tension.”
“We have a multinational country and categorizing nations as bad or good is a sure way to cause a split and new wave of violence,” he concluded.
Gasan Mirzoev, the chairman of the Coordination Council of the All-Russia public organization “The Jurists for Human Rights and Decent Life,” said that it was time everyone understood the terrorism does not have a nationality. “Xenophobia is exactly the intent of terrorists. They want to sow the panic and cause split between the nations, these are their best expectations,” he told to Pravda.ru. “They would very much like for people from the Caucasus to be attacked. Therefore, it is extremely important to preserve tolerance inside Russian society.”
“If we choose the path suggested to us by terrorists - incitement of ethnic hatred, exasperation of certain group of the population – this will not do us any good,” stated Gasan Mirzoev.
In reality, the fanatics that set off the explosions in Moscow metro obviously not only intended to gather “bloody crop” but intended to provoke similar cruelty that would hurt, first and foremost, Russians themselves, and would result in a split in the society. Those who are trying to divide us according to nationality are obviously doing the terrorists a favor. Heating up hatred to foreigners, people from Caucasus, Muslims, etc., they are bringing the grist to the terrorists’ mills.
The shooter freely entered the building of the university and opened fire at those who were present on the ground floor