Brazil's Electoral Process Hangover: What Comes Next?
"Brazil above everything, God above everyone," Jair Bolsonaro's campaign motto, plagiarized from Nazi Germany.
"Today at 9 p.m. I was stopped by the military and lynched because, they said, I look like a drug smuggler. They said now Bolsonaro is the commander. I regret for had voted for Bolsonaro," Douglas Barcellos on October 28, shortly after Bolsonaro had been declared the winner of Brazil's presidential election.
"I'm going to vote... armed with a knife, pistol, devil, crazy to see a lounger, bum with a red shirt and to immediately kill... This bunch of negroes is going to die! Gonna die!!! He is a captain, [calling names]!!!," said the lawyer Pedro Baleotti as filmed himself in his car, on October 28.
One week before the election, university students in Campinas city were banned by the Police from giving out Haddad tracts: "military dictatorship is back!" the policemen said.
Jair Messias Bolsonaro is the 38th president of Brazil, elected with 55.14% of the valid votes, 44.86% of the Brazilians' preference in the second round. At least 43 million Brazilians abstained from voting, annulled or voted blank, something like 29% of the entire contingent of voters.
The former army captain received 57.7 million votes out of 147.3 million voters, that is, he was elected by 39% of eligible voters. Fernando Haddad, a professor, economist, political scientist, lawyer, and philosopher, received 47 million votes, 32% of the voters in a country of 210 million people.
An expected victory after a large difference in favor of Bolsonaro in the first round, on October 7; shortly after that date, according to polls, the difference was day by day increasing even more in favor of the candidate whose professional propaganda structure was carefully set up, with no clear sources yet. the former army captain
As soon as his victory had been declared, in a national speech, Bolsonaro appeared eager to dispel concerns that he would govern despotically, vowing to govern respecting the Constitution, democracy, and liberty. "Enough of lies, enough of fake news in Brazil," he hypocritically said later.
In his campaign, among many other terrible words Bolsonaro, a declared admirer of the military dictatorship who is used to saying that, "the dictators' mistake has been only torturing but not killing about 30,000 people," vowed during an address, delivered via a video linkup, to thousands of supporters gathered in São Paulo city, that,
"Those red good-for-nothings will be banished from the homeland. It will be a clean up the likes of which has never been seen in Brazilian history.
Once again, Bolsonaro is not only vague but contradictory: he says some tragic thing, some days later states he has not said that as accuses others of spreading fake news, to soon say the same thing in even worst words.
He refused to debate during all the campaign, an omission that makes many people wonder about this project for Brazil - including among thousands of his supporters.
The opponents state that Bolsonaro has not any Project for the South-American nation; the latter really are not concerned about any Project, but a declared "anti-Workers' Party sentiment" which justified their votes for the admirer of Adolf Hitler. The former army captain himself focused his campaign on that deeply hateful sentiment.
At the same time, the Workers' Party has promised to contest the electoral process in court, due to Bolsonaro's innumerable threats, excessively aggressive incitement to violence, had been funded by private companies, and spread fake news up to the last minute - in the election day, Haddad was falsely accused via WhatsApp of having raped an eleven-year-old girl.
Progressive sectors have been too aggressively attacked by Bolsonaro supporters, a declared civil war though across the country there have been armed attacks by Workers' Party voters, too. A chaos state is installed in Brazil.
Since President Michel Temer took power substituting Dilma Rousseff, impeached without any crime two years ago, the South-American giant has gone down many steps in the international scenario.
Brazil has the largest hydrological reserve on the planet; the oil discovered in the late 2000's in the pre-salt layer may elevate the country to have the world's biggest reserves of the product; is the world's richest territory in biodiversity; and by strengthening South-South alliances, during the Workers' Party years was creating powerful international blocs and institutions, such as BRICS and Unasur's Banco del Sur (Southern Bank).
US President Donald Trump and the Israeli Prime-Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, shortly after knowing the Brazilian electoral results, called Bolsonaro to congratulate him.
What does Bolsonaro's victory mean to Brazil? Is he really going to forget his old criminal sayings and doings, increased in this campaign, respecting the rule of law? Does the extreme right-wing now president-elect have any government program? Why has the Workers' Party lost, and what does it mean to the South-American nation?
These questions will be discussed in the lines below.
Bolsonaro Has a Government Program
"I do not know anything about economics, I am a military, but I'll have a minister of economy in my government. Am I going to a campaign or to an entrance examination?", Bolsonaro replied to a journalist question in an interview last July, and in October of 2017.
Like Donald Trump, Bolsonaro is culturally and intellectually too poor; as Trump, the Brazilian president-elect believe much more in persuasion and force; alike the American fascist felt as he won US presidential campaign, the Brazilian neo-nazi is not sure now about what he will do in Brazil's Presidency.
So the Trump-Bolsonaro's proximity goes far beyond the fact that Steve Bannon has advised both.
That said, unlike what so many people think, Bolsonaro has a government program: it is an ultra-neoliberal one, outline by Paulo Guedes, a Chicago Boy who proposes to "slim Brazil's puffed-up, ineffective and near-bankrupt state through privatizations and public-spending cuts, and to undo the country's serpentine red tape."
As Bolsonaro's candidacy has been confused in part as a tactic to reach everybody, he has been vague and fled debates for people not to know the essence of the unpopularity of his "proposals" to the country.
He also fled debates due to his total lack of moral, cultural and intellectual skills. Not for not having a project as many people have said. Much likely, Bolsonaro's absence in debates was due to afraid of himself as he is excessively talkative, but there is a program.
His campaign, movements, and individuals in the favor of Bolsonaro dedicated much more to attack the Workers' Party than to advocate for the then-extreme-right candidate, and his agenda. As never seen before in any campaign in the South-American country.
Constructing more and more prisons - privatizing all of them instead of confronting social problems, also improving prisons trying to recover individuals and opting for alternative methods for minor crimes -, making the society free to get guns instead of discussing public security and social issues, the traditional war on drugs, the privatization of water and everything, no rights to workers and to minorities. Independence to the central bank, free to take every measure of big banks' interests.
This is Bolsonaro, eased out of the army in 1988, after trying to explode bombs in his institutions due to salary issues.
Neoliberal policies are themselves empty and deeply contradictory, so Bolsonaro's team feared, of course, the candidate debating face to face with his opponents, especially on the eve of the second round. His hysteria and deep intolerance would surely be much more evident and exposed to public shame along with every Bolsonaro's anti-virtues. But cannot be said that there is no a program by Brazil's president-elect.
It has been much easier to keep the Brazilian society submerged in fear, hysteria, discrimination, hate, and blindness.
Objectively, Brazil's so fragile democracy, unlike some analysts have said, has not been overthrown by democracy last October 28, but by a strong network of false propaganda, and countless electoral and social crimes. By an omissive justice system. Not to mention foreign shadows behind the scenes.
Surprisingly to many people, is the fact that the mainstream media, the Brazilian justice system and the people themselves, too hateful standing against corruption and political deceives since 2013, now keep silent before Bolsonaro's endless lies and crimes.
That is not a surprise at all if the last electoral process is considered a continuation of the coup d'Etat through former President Dilma Rousseff's impeachment in 2016, and the criminalization of progressive sectors.
As the far-right program has been hidden from most Brazilians, its only evident project is barbarism, accepted by almost 60 million Brazilians. A total confusion is just getting worse and worse in Brazil. In essence, Brazilians, stuck in hate by hidden powers, have been killing themselves by nothing.
Workers' Party Has Lost to Itself
The Brazilian "left" has opted to an identity politics and sectarianism. Priority is not fighting capitalism and social inequality anymore. For this sector, if one does not share some social values in a minimal detail about abortion, gender, feminism, drugs, and so on even tireless combating poverty under genuine progressive politics, is aggressively condemned and rejected, not considered a real progressive citizen - but a potential "fascist".
As discrimination is strongly rooted in a historically authoritarian nation, the last one to abolish slavery in America, every "liberation" movement is permeated by this sentiment - discrimination against others and even against them themselves. It is something very clear among Brazilians.
Generally, what fewer matters to consider one a progressive, in practice, has been its economic ideas: it has been common a question from the Brazilian "left" about the social values like those pointed out above, to consider an individual one of them, or not.
The country, included the "left", has not been preparing itself to the current political crisis drawing for at least five years and a half. Until recently, talking to many "leftist" leaders one could feel them highly skeptical about a new military coup in Brazil.
Particularly, the Workers' Party (PT) rejected any constructive criticism even from progressive sectors, aggressively labeling them "fascists" or "radical left", to lead its neoliberal policy with a human face for thirteen years in power, beginning to Luiz Inacio da Silva in 2003.
Though important - and ephemeral - social gains proportionated especially by Family Allowance program (an improved continuation of the predecessor Fernando Henrique Cardoso's School Allowance), and some real increase on minimum wage, social inequality never left the Brazilian society, one of world's most unequal.
A tragic public health, basic sanitation, access to justice, housing and working conditions, social and institutionalized discrimination, and education.
About the last point, it is important to highlight that during PT years, not very different from its predecessors, Brazil under-invested in public education: around 5%. In short, every government from the military dictatorship to Michel Temer amounts to the same (tragic) thing as the "investment" has been absolutely inefficient and the practice, taken into account terrible Brazil's educational level, is even more disastrous.
The PT lifted 30 million people out of poverty, and the country was removed from the U.N. World Hunger Map; at the same time, never in Brazil's history bankers had gained too much as in PT years. The same can be said about the mainstream media, agribusiness, and currency evasion.
The PT hypocritically today manifests indignation towards Bolsonaro against indigenous people, as the party which presented himself as promoting a "Social Revolution".
In PT years, the native people were murdered by agribusinessmen, supported by the party, like never before in the country's recent history - neither in the military years in power, from 1964 to 1985: a rise year by year from Lula to Dilma, getting 269% in both governments compared to the eight years that former President Fernando Henrique Cardoso was in the Presidency.
The indigenous question during PT years is another practical example of its authoritarian way of governing, only or, at the best, mostly concerned about keeping itself in power.
As the party was never willing to dialogue with popular sectors, during the 2013 protests when many people required a political reform, the then-President Dilma refused to even put it in the discussion: PT lost its greatest chance of being closer to the society, winning the local oligarchy that would destroy the party in the near future.
In the name of power, PT used to ally itself to the elites, never listening to some claims that everything would end up in tragedy, to the party and local democracy. Worst of all, year by year since Dilma was impeached, the PT has refused to recognize its mistakes, something required even by internal militants.
All in all, PT's principal "project" for Brazil has been the same through years, even since Dilma's impeachment including this Haddad's presidential campaign, wins the election and retakes the power.
So it has been so easy for the local and foreign elites to - once again - overthrown Brazil's democracy. Now PT desperately needs the masses supporting it, a politized society never created by the party. Power was the limit for PT.
It is worth remembering that it was Dilma who passed the Anti-Terrorism Act on the eve of 2014 World Cup, which actually gives to public forces the power of repressing public manifestations.
Though the mainstream media tried so hard to present both candidates in extreme points (as part of the anti-PT discourse), the big difference between Bolsonaro and Haddad is that if the academic had won the last election, Brazil would now be sure that there would be an election in 2022, fact surrounded by too many uncertainties as the first has won.
Haddad is not an extremist, far from it; Bolsonaro is the most one in Brazil's presidential history. The "left" in general, trying to preserve the PT, in its years in the Presidency, during the massive protests in 2013 and in the last campaign, not mobilizing itself, what ended up opened gaps and, finally, strengthening to the extreme right.
As mediocrity is the great winner in Brazil's presidential election, the PT is the principal and a most pathetic loser; its national recovery is unthinkable for the coming years.
What To Expect from the Bolsonaro Regime
The destruction of the national industry, of Brazil's regional alliance and its inclusion in the BRICS, are the first evident tragedies Bolsonaro will continue to do, a job begun in 2015/2016 by the Judge Sergio Moro, the mainstream media and the most corrupted politicians in the Brazilian Congress, when they overthrew Dilma without any crime.
He also promises a withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement and is eager to deforest even more the Amazon, saying that the native people do not want to live in a forest, which has to be given to big companies to produce. Large latifundia, according to Bolsonaro, are the wealthy and progress of the nation.
Though PT has not been a progressive party, what was at stake in these elections was the privatization of water, Petrobras, Eletrobras (an energy public company), Caixa Economica Federal (a public bank).
In an open letter published last week, 136 Brazilian geographers from Pará state manifested their serious concerns about Bolsonaro: the researches and professors pointed out that the extreme right-wing candidate presents a "political stance" of delivering the natural resources of the world's largest rainforest "to the private initiative of foreign countries, thereby eliminating areas of environmental protection, extractive reserves and NGOs [non-governmental organizations] that have historically been fighting for the traditional populations of the country."
Last year, Temer invited US Armed Forces to participate in joint in joint military exercises in the Amazon, "to develop a greater knowledge, share experiences and develop mutual trust." It is absolutely evident that Bolsonaro will continue to open Brazil's doors to Uncle Sam's Southern Command silent occupation of the world's richest region in biodiversity - as Brazil's Armed Forces themselves, who support him, does and did in the dictatorship times. It is worth remembering that, in his visit to Washington D.C. in October of 2017, Bolsonaro saluted US flag.
The Bolsonaro regime, as it has catastrophically been presented, and Jair Bolsonaro character itself as Brazilians historically know very well, will not be able to minimally mediate democratic relations, far from it. In Brazil's particular case, given the current social, political and economic crisis, such a possibility is even most remote - unthinkable, we could say.
Bolsonaro's "government" will be totally incapable of ordering that, and promised to cut even more social investments, far from good during PT years, which Temer started to totally destroy. Times sign to a disaster in the near Brazilian future.
His anti-corruption speech cannot become reality, not even taking seriously as another Bolsonaro's opportunist verbiage. His historical truculent and corrupted essence, and his agenda reinforce the possibility of a self-coup leaned on falsely fighting the internal enemy violence, and corruption itself.
The militarization of Rio and the terror spreading across the country are examples that Brazil is an advanced Police State where, last year, 64,000 were killed - and Bolsonaro, a declared fan of Augusto Pinochet, has insisted that more assassinations, much more are necessary to combat violence in Brazil (!).
In a country where 55 percent of people are black, Bolsonaro and his vice, General Antonio Hamilton Mourao, dare to state that Afro-descendants are second-class citizens.
Bolsonaro will have to handle with the monster he has set up, the deep hate in many cases repressed for so long in a hostile society; a campaign based on the fake news is socially terrible and will surely charge its high price.
Sadly, this way democracy has been finished in Brazil by local and international oligarchies, in the person of Jair Bolsonaro. In times of capitalism deep depression, nothing more appropriate to the owners of international power than, once again, substituting the fragile representative "democracy", by a nazi-fascism regime.
In the absence of something to justify a hardline policy back to Brazil, a neo-McCarthyism has hysterically been imposed. Blindness is the raw material for such an "ideology". Given the world's economic crisis, the Bolsonaro regime tends to be even more aggressive as any hard-liner, in such circumstances.
As the Workers' Party is one of the biggest lies in Brazil's history, Jair Bolsonaro tragically is one of the truest faces, in his neo-McCarthyism sense.
Photo By patrocinio online - YouTube, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=72787395