Niyazov signed an order authorizing the station's construction in line with the country's commitments under the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban treaty, which it joined in 1998, said the newspaper Neutral Turkmenistan.
It said the station would be part of an international network monitoring nuclear tests. It did not specify who would build the station and when, the AP reports.
The gas-rich desert Central Asian nation lies north of Iran, with which it has established close economic ties. The global nuclear test ban treaty outlaws test explosions of nuclear weapons. However the 1996 accord still has not taken effect because not enough countries have both signed and ratified it.
The troops of the Southern and Western military districts will begin to return from Russia's southern borders to the points of their permanent deployment starting April 23