Some key dates in the long and turbulent history shared by Ethiopia and Eritrea . Pre-1885: What is now Eritrea was ruled by the various local or international powers that successively dominated the Red Sea region. 1885: Italians began to assert a colonial presence in what is now Eritrea , first at the Red Sea port of Assab and then in Massawa.
1889: Ethiopia and Italy established the boundary between the Empire of Ethiopia and the areas of Eritrea then in Italian possession under the Treaty of Uccialli.1890: Italy formally established the Colony of Eritrea.
1893: Ethiopian Emperor Menelik denounced the Treaty of Uccialli as Italian expansion continued until the 1896 battle of Adwa in which Italian forces were defeated and a temporary boundary arrangement was established. 1900-1908: Ethiopia and Italy concluded three boundary agreements that set the common border between the Empire of Ethiopia and the Colony of Eritrea. None of the boundaries, however, were demarcated.
1935: Italy invaded, occupied and annexed Ethiopia . 1941: The United Kingdom expelled Italian forces from Ethiopia and Eritrea and sets up a British Military Administration over both countries.
1942: Britain and Ethiopia concluded a deal that allowed Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie to resume control of his country. Eritrea remained under British control. 1952: A U.N. resolution federating Eritrea with Ethiopia went into effect. The resolution ignored Eritrean pleas for independence.
1962: Sellassie annexed Eritrea , sparking the Eritrean fight for independence. 1991: Fighters from the Eritrean People's Liberation Front defeated Ethiopian troops in the Eritrean capital, Asmara , and set up a provisional government there.
1993: Eritrea gains independence after a referendum. Border was not properly settled. May 1998: War started with clash in the western border region of Badme.
June 2000: A peace agreement brokered by the then Organization of African Unity signed in Algiers in which both countries agreed in advance to accept ruling by international border commission. 2003: Ethiopia rejects the 2002 Hague-based Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission ruling that awarded Badme to Eritrea , calling for a new commission to resolve the border crisis. Eritrea refuses.
March 2006: The boundary commission resumes work for the first time in three years, meeting legal experts from the two countries to discuss preparations to physically demarcate the border, reports the AP.
The Americans came to realise that they would have to either leave the region or weaken their presence there. It is Russia that is filling the vacuum now