The international conference, The Nuremberg Trial: History and the Present Day, opened in Moscow on Tuesday on the occasion of the 55h anniversary of the Nuremberg trial over the main Nazi war criminals. It has been organized by the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic (Second World) War of 1941-1945 and the Russian Committee of Veterans of War and Military Service. During the two days of the conference its participants will listen to reports and the reminiscences of war veterans, will see the film "The Trial by the People" and visit a photo exhibition. The aim of the conference is to recall and to learn lessons from the past. The speakers will touch upon the themes of collective security on the eve of the Second World War, Nazi crimes against the Slav peoples, and other historical aspects of this war and the Nuremberg trial. The conference participants listened to a message of greetings from Chairman of the Federation Council Yegor Stroyev. "The Nuremberg trial was the first act in the history of mankind denouncing the crimes against humanity, the lessons from which should be learned up to this time," says the message. Foreign colleagues from France, the USA and Great Britain will share their reminiscences and tell the conference about their scientific work on this topic.