A grave economic plight has had its effect on Russians' span of life. According to the Council of Europe, because of unbearable conditions male Russians live an average of 61.3 years, and women 73 years. This is much less than under Soviet rule when the average life expectancy among men in the USSR exceeded 70 years. According to the Council of Europe, the average span of life of the Portuguese is least of all in Western Europe: 71.8 years among men, and 78.9 years among women. The average life expectancy in Western Europe for men and women is 75 and 80 years, respectively, RIA Novosti reports. Long-livers are Icelanders (77.8 years) and also French and Swiss women (82 years).