The International Monetary Fund (IMF) transferred a package of special drawing rights (SDR) worth $18 billion to Russia on Monday, August 23. The IMF made the relevant decision on August 2.
Emissions in the amount of $650 billion were distributed between countries in accordance with established quotas. The United States received the largest part - 17.4 percent, whereas Russia got 2.71 percent. All in all, the countries of the former USSR, Georgia and Ukraine received about $25 billion.
Russia may add the received funds to international reserves, but it actually does not need them under current conditions. In order to receive real funds, one needs to either exchange SDRs for currency in another country, or get a loan from the IMF, but in this case, the fund will put forward certain requirements.
Another way to distribute SDRs is to join the club of states that will donate their share to other countries in need. In this case, Russian funds can be allocated, for example, to Ukraine.
Venezuela, Myanmar and Afghanistan were deprived of financial assistance in the form of SDRs for political reasons. Yet, Belarus still received $900 million, although experts expected the IMF to refuse to transfer funds to Belarus. Among CIS countries, assistance will be most beneficial for Tajikistan that will now increase its international reserves by 19 percent.
Viktor Yanukovych, former President of Ukraine, who was toppled in 2014 as a result of illegal and violent coup in Ukraine, made his first comment about the current events in Ukraine