First GAZ-14 "Chaika" "Born" 25 Years Ago

25 years ago, on October 14th 1977, the first GAZ-14 car of the representative class, also known as the "new Chaika", was assembled at the Gorky Automobile Plant.

The seven-seater was distinguished for its high technical level and comfort. An automatic shift gear, power steering and breaks, air-conditioner and efficient noise insulation were remarkable features of the car. No protruding sills and tall door aperture made a passenger feel comfortable.

GAZ-14 "Chaika" became a peculiar testing ground for introduction of new constructions, materials and technologies: it was the first car equipped with disk brakes, valve hydrotappets, ball-joint wheel suspension, headlight cleaners, electromagnetic interlocking system, etc. An 8-cylinder 220 hp V-engine, able to make up to 175 km per hour, was installed in the GAZ-14. Fuel consumption was equal to 16 litres per 100 km.

The majority of Chaikas were three-row sedans with no internal partition.

The GAZ-14 Chaika had been produced for 11 years. In 1988 at the peak of perestroika under the slogan of "fighting privileges" the production of the automobile was enforced to be ceased.

The Gorky Automobile Plant output a total of 1,114 GAZ-14 Chaika cars.

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