For many years, governments around the world resort to various methods to affect economic processes. Experts put forward various ways to deal with market relations. Well-known public figure Vladimir Kolesnikov shared his thoughts with Pravda.Ru about changes in the macroeconomic map of the world and ways.
"Mr. Kolesnikov, which reasons do you think stand behind the current global financial and economic crisis?"
"The origins of the current crisis lie in the 1970s, with the departure of the Bretton Woods system, when the Americans refused to exchange dollars for gold and with the release of money from government control, the global financial system began to work to increase the power of the international financial oligarchy and strengthen the position of the "golden billion," rather than in the interest of national economic development and the growth of industrial production. The "golden billion" includes the countries of North America, Western Europe and other strategic partners of the West.
"Before the crisis, the share of finance of the real sector of the world economy accounted for not more than 10-12 percent of the total turnover of the world's financial resources. The rest of the money capital had no substantive content. It was a speculative market, where money was making money. In the end, the pyramid must collapse."
"Can we draw a parallel with the global crisis in 1929?"
"The scale is much larger now. However, both the crisis of 1929 and the present crisis were created artificially. The origins of the crisis were laid in 1913, when U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, and the financial oligarchy behind him created the U.S. Federal Reserve. Its goal was to make the U.S. dollar a globally convertible currency. As a result, the following year saw the beginning of the First World War, during which much of European gold reserves migrated to the newly created Federal Reserve.
"Then came the economic crisis of the 1920s, the old political system collapsed, and the struggle for the markets of new totalitarian regimes eventually led to the Second World War. When the war ended, the U.S. became a dominant world power, although together with the Soviet Union."
"But the Americans were hit hard with the crisis of the 1920s. The official history of the United States simply does not say much about the people who died of hunger."
"Common Americans suffered indeed, but the system won. Then there was the "Cold War", another economic crisis of the 1980s, which led to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the transformation of the U.S. into the only global power. The global financial oligarchy calculates everything precisely. In the countries, where national currencies begin to rise, they shrink the money supplies, and the real sector of the economy no longer has enough working capital. As a result, the U.S. dollar again becomes relevant. There is a certain interest stipulated, of course, - the so-called refinancing rate.
"Meanwhile, from the moment when the Americans refused to exchange dollars for gold during the 1970s (they turned the printing press on), the dollar turned into plain paper. The U.S. Reserve System currently makes money on the difference between the nominal value of bills and the cost of its production. Let's assume that the cost of a 100-dollar note is 10 cents, so the net profit from it will be 99 dollars 90 cents. Neither drug lords nor arms dealers could ever dream of such profits. For 48 years, people have been giving gold, oil, gas, timber and so on for pieces of American paper. That's what the U.S. Federal Reserve does to the world."
"In other words, this is what the Americans are doing to the world?"
"In fact, the interests of the financial oligarchy are international. It does not care about ordinary Americans or Russians. What was the situation like before the crisis? Having concentrated the levers of financial-economic and socio-political influence in its hands, the global financial oligarchy (personified in multinational companies), became a supranational center of global governance, which put the world on the path of the deadlock model of globalization in the interests of the "golden billion."
"Overconsumption was based on chronic under-consumption and the impoverishment of a large part of the world's population. As a consequence of the influence of the informal center of global governance, the sovereignty of independent states began to erode. There were even acts of direct aggression taken against them (Iraq, Libya, Syria, and so on). At the same time, multinational companies were acquiring features of sovereignty that were previously typical of historically established states.
"One shall assume that the system that was born as a result of the crisis could develop only through the creation of new crises (in the Middle East). The system was losing its stability without them. Each new crisis would take the system to a new level of power. At present, the highest bid has been made: it goes about the global power over all countries. And guess who is now the main obstacle for globalists on the way to the new world order in the interests of the "golden billion?"
"Is it Russia?"
"Yes, our country. Owing to the versatile potential and geopoliticalposition, Russia takes a special place in the plans of the architects of the new world order. Russia is given, on the one hand, the role of an important raw material and technological appendage of the West, and on the other hand - the role of the military and police power in Eurasia to protect the interests of the "golden billion."
"The plans and intentions of American globalists to dismember Russia are widely-known. Russia's strategy for the formation of the multipolar world that would meet our national interests and the interests of humanity, goes contrary to the plans of the American world order. The more resolute Russia was in defending its position in the international arena, the more it would aggravate the U.S.-Russian relations. There was a time when the two countries were about to terminate their ties in connection with the aggression of Georgia, a U.S. ally, against South Ossetia and Abkhazia in August 2008.
"After a period of pro-Western foreign policies conducted by Boris Yeltsin, the new energetic position of the new Russian leadership on pressing international problems alarmed the supporters of the unipolar world. Historically, the West has never seen Russia as an equal strategic partner. Influential financial circles in Europe sought to undermine the political and economic position of our country long before the U.S. Federal Reserve.
"Here is an example: the reforms of Alexander II. After Russia lost the Crimean War, the czar freed peasants, having realized that the socio-economic development of the country was out of the question under serfdom. Alexander II turned the budget towards the real economy, conducted the judicial reform and prepared a constitution. Westerners-Europeans estimated the GDP growth rate of the then Russia and saw that they were starting to leave the well-fed Europe behind. The Rothschilds offered the czar to establish an issuer bank in Russia to control the finances of the country, but were refused. Then there was the "People's Will" created, on and March 1, 1881 the czar was killed.
"Here is another example - the reforms of the Prime Minister of Nicholas II, Stolypin. Owing to those reforms, GDP grew so much that if we compare the growth rates of the pre-revolutionary Russia and the Soviet Union, then there were 10 BAMs built in ten years! The country began to develop in the trigonometric progression. Stolypin also failed to bring his reforms to the end: he suffered the fate of Alexander II. There was another crisis in store for Russia - the imperialist war and then the revolution.
"You're talking about a whole series of crises that had quite successful endings for the "system." Why do you think that it will not work this time and the results of the crisis will be different?"
"The main thing was to make the diagnosis. The Russian government did it: globalist aspirations of the global financial oligarchy and speculative policy of the Reserve Fund of the USA. Having determined the cause of the disease, one may proceed to its treatment - comprehensive anti-crisis measures and the new economic policy oriented to the real economy. Anti-crisis measures have already been voiced: the development of real economy, the transition from the resource-based economy to the technology-based economy, the support for local entrepreneurs, the development of a socially oriented state, and so on.
"Before the crisis, Russia's share of global GDP, according to various estimates, amounted to only 0.6-1.5 percent, whereas the share of the G7 - to 75 percent. High-tech products in Russia's exports amounted to no more than 0.5 percent, while in the United States it was more than 40 percent, and in Germany and Japan - no less that 30 percent. What is so remarkable about Japan? Five rocky islands, no oil, no gas, no wood, and at the same time - a strongest economy and highly developed agriculture. In Russia, we have the entire periodic table under our feet, but the economy is weak, agriculture is in ruins.
"Japan subsidizes its agriculture by 80 percent, Europe - by 60 percent, the U.S. - 40 percent. Russia should do the same. With regard to international affairs, Russia is ready to cooperate with all countries, but only on mutually beneficial terms. Russia stands for investment and does not mind loans. Russia's "crediting" bank system needs to be reoriented to the real economy.
"The tariff policy in the country should be revised too. We need to understand what the real cost of one kilowatt of electricity should be, the real cost of one barrel of oil, 1 cubic meter of water. We need to understand that set economically viable, rather than speculative prices on them."
"Will the Russian financial oligarchy resist?"
"Of course, they will. But the time of oligarchs is definitely over."
"How could events take such a turn? Oligarchs were holding power in their hands throughout Yeltsin's stay in power. And it was Yeltsin, who appointed Putin as his successor, the successor of his course?"
"There are objective laws of history. At first, the pendulum swings one way, but then it will definitely swing the other. As for Yeltsin ... After all, Lenin used to oppose his class, and so did Alexander II. I have no doubt that Yeltsin loved his country. And he made the bet for the man who, as he believed, could take the country out of crisis."
"Do you think that Russia has many enemies in the world?"
"Russia does not have internal enemies, there are interests. I wouldn't like to call foreign opponents of Russia's revival as external enemies either: they too have their interests. Global interests are usually defended by all available means, including illegal and criminal means. We can see examples of that happening before our very eyes. These are Bolotnaya Square rallies, the Magnitsky Act, Pussy Riot, the prohibition of free travel to European countries, attempts to hang different labels, supposed authoritarianism and suppression of democracy."
"What may happen if Russia's financial reserves run out earlier than the crisis ends? Will we have time to build anti-crisis mechanisms by that time that will allow us to do without the amassed foreign exchange reserves?"
"We will have plenty of time. There is enough time for anti-crisis measures, which they now begin to take. Take, for example, the address of Vladimir Putin to the Parliament of the country, where he set additional tasks of all structures of the government. I believe we will see the great Russia.
The Russian delegation to the UN denied reports about Russian nuclear forces on high alert