Vladislav Tretiak, the first Soviet player inducted into ice hockey's Hall of Fame, was elected head of the Russian Ice Hockey Federation on Tuesday.
The former goalie, 54, replaces Alexander Steblin, who resigned last month following criticism of Russia's poor performance in international competition.
Russia, which last won the world championship in 1993, finished fourth at the Turin Olympics in February.
A longtime player for CSKA, Tretiak spent 14 years as the Soviet national team's top goalie, helping the team to three Olympic golds and 10 world titles.
He retired in 1984 and was inducted into the hockey Hall of Fame five years later. He served as assistant coach for the Chicago Blackhawks in 1990-91 and was elected to the Russian parliament in 2003, reports the AP.