Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted Malaysia's prime minister on Tuesday to discuss ways to expand bilateral trade.
"Our relations have been developing successfully," Putin said at the start of his talks with Abdullah Ahmad Badawi in the Kremlin.
He mentioned plans to send Malaysia's first astronaut into space on board a Russian spacecraft later this year.
The deal was part of a larger arrangement that also envisages Malaysia buying 18 Russian Su-30 MKM fighter jets worth an estimated US$1 billion (EUR746 million), Russian news reports said.
Bilateral trade has reached US$ 1.1 billion (EUR820 million) last year, and Putin on Tuesday called for it to double. "We will do everything to help establish contacts between Malaysia's business circles and Russian business," Putin said.
Badawi voiced hopes for further expansion of bilateral trade and investment.
The two leaders were also to discuss international issues, such as North Korea and Iran.
Russia was expected to use Badawi's trip to discuss cooperation with the Organization of Islamic Conference, the world's largest Muslim group which is currently chaired by Malaysia.
About 20 million of Russia's 142.8 million population are Muslims, and the Kremlin has touted its observer status in the 57-nation group as an important link with the Muslim world.
Russian nuclear-powered submarine Orel was left dead in the water off the coast of the Danish island of Sehero