Russia's Zhores Alferov and Americans Herbert Kroemer and Jack Kilby shared the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said on Tuesday. The prize, worth nearly $1 million, goes to scientists and inventors whose work laid the foundation of modern information technology, it said. Alferov and Kroemer share one half of the prize for work on developing semi-conductors which could be used for ultra-fast computers. Kilby, of Texas Instruments Inc, won the award for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit. Alferov is the first Russian to win a Nobel prize since Mikhail Gorbachev won the peace prize in 1990. Reuters reports.