Russia's Zhores Alferov and Americans Herbert Kroemer and Jack Kilby shared the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said on Tuesday. The prize, worth nearly $1 million, goes to scientists and inventors whose work laid the foundation of modern information technology, it said. Alferov and Kroemer share one half of the prize for work on developing semi-conductors which could be used for ultra-fast computers. Kilby, of Texas Instruments Inc, won the award for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit. Alferov is the first Russian to win a Nobel prize since Mikhail Gorbachev won the peace prize in 1990. Reuters reports.
Both Russia and Ukraine have been increasing their military presence on the border between the two countries lately. Russia warned Ukraine against any military scenarios