Police used tear gas to force 46 inmates out of a prison area where they had barricaded themselves and set fire to mattresses and books.
The Pulaski County state's attorney is considering charges against the inmates involved in the hour-long disturbance Friday at the Tri-County Justice and Detention Center in southern Illinois.
No one was injured during the disturbance at the medium-security facility. The inmates were held in separate areas after they were removed from the barricaded area, said Pulaski County Sheriff Randy Kern.
The 226-bed facility houses male and female inmates and is owned by the GEO Group, based in Boca Raton, Florida.
Messages left with a company spokesman and the Pulaski County state's attorney's office were not immediately returned Sunday morning.