Standard & Poor's is going to revise Russia's sovereign credit rating with a "negative" outlook. The agency made the decision to revise Russia's credit in late 2014. According to the agency, the flexibility of Russia's monetary policy has been declining steadily.
For the time being, Russia's long-term and short-term sovereign foreign currency ratings remain at BBB-/A-3 and at BBB/A-2 in national currency. The drop of Russia's sovereign rating in foreign currency from BBB to BBB- took place at the end of April. On October 24, S&P confirmed Russia's sovereign rating on borrowings in foreign currency as BBB- with a negative outlook. The level of BB+, to which S&P may downgrade Russia's sovereign rating, is commonly seen as the junk level.
On Friday, January 9, rating agency Fitch downgraded Russia's credit rating from BBB to BBB- with a negative outlook, which was one notch above the junk level. The agency explained its decision with decreasing oil prices and the weakening of the Russian ruble. Thus, Russia now has ratings only one notch above the junk level by two rating agencies - Fitch and S&P. Russia's rating by Moody's is two notches above the junk level (Baa2).
Many economists believe that S&P will downgrade Russia's sovereign credit rating. Should the ratings be reduced to the junk level, it would mean that the agencies would recommend investors not to work with Russia. A downgrade of the rating would shatter the markets even further, RBC reports.
The downgrade of Russia's credit rating would trigger the sell-out of sovereign eurobonds, as the majority of large investment foundations can not keep securities of a non-investment rating in their portfolios. To date, ten-year eurobonds are traded with a yield of 7.2%, whereas five-year papers - with a yield of 5.6%.
According to Cbonds, the amount of government Eurobonds in circulation makes up $45.7 billion. Russia's GDP is expected to decline for several months, while the oil prices may fall by 10-20%. Therefore, investors may prefer to get rid of the eurobonds in the first quarter of the year, specialists believe.
The premium for the risk of the default of Russia has grown to nearly six-year maximum on account of fears of a possible reduction in the sovereign rating. The cost of insurance against default for five-year government bonds on Tuesday, January 6, peaked having exceeded 600 points to the highest level since March 2009. By Friday, January 9, it dropped to 575.35 points.
The downgrade of the rating will have a negative impact not only on the national debt, but also on companies' securities. Lower rankings will automatically entail a massive revision of corporate ratings and cause a wave of sell-outs.
The downgrade will also complicate the entrance of Russian companies on foreign markets, but this is not critical under the conditions of sanctions, as the entrance to foreign markets is closed anyway.
The reduction of the sovereign rating will also have a negative impact on the Russian banking system. The balance sheets of the banks that have eurobonds in their portfolios may worsen, and banks may need more capital to keep up their positions. The Central Bank and the government of the Russian Federation already take measures to ease the burden on bank capital.
Europe has recognised the need for negotiations with Russia to discuss the security system on the continent. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov is going to Macedonia for meetings with colleagues within the OSCE